Study: One-third of Americans are sleep deprived

Study: One-third of Americans are sleep deprived


MUNCIE, Indiana – Nearly a third of Americans are getting inadequate sleep — including police offices, healthcare workers and truck drivers —  and it is getting worse with every passing year, says a new study from Ball State University.

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Short Sleep Duration in Working American Adults,” an analysis of more than 150,000 working adults from 2010 to 2018, found that prevalence of inadequate sleep — 7 hours or less — increased from 30.9% of respondents in 2010 to 35.6% in 2018. The study was posted Monday by the Journal of Community Health.

The study also found that the people who report getting the fewest hours of shut-eye include native born Americans, who are female, have children at home, work for the government, and live in the South.

“Inadequate sleep is associated with mild to severe physical and mental health problems, injury, loss of productivity, and premature mortality,” said Jagdish Khubchandani, lead author and a health science professor at Ball State. “This is a significant finding because the U.S. is currently witnessing high rates of chronic diseases across all ages, and many of these diseases are related to sleep problems.”

The study found that in 2018, professions with the highest levels of poor sleep including those in the police and military (50%), health care support occupations (45%), transport and material moving (41%), and production occupations (41%).

“There is no definitive cause found for these trends in sleep duration in working American population,” Khubchandani said. “We see the workplace is changing as Americans work longer hours, and there is greater access and use of technology and electronic devices, which tend to keep people up at night. Add to this the progressive escalation in workplace stress in the United States, and the rising prevalence of multiple chronic conditions could be related to short sleep duration in working American adults.”

The study also found:

  • For men, about 30.5% reported getting 7 or less hours of sleep in 2010 and by 2018 about 35.5% reporting inadequate sleep.
  • Among women, those reported too little sleep grew from 31.2% in 2011 to 35.8% in 2018.
  • By race and inadequate sleep prevalence, the trend from 2010-2018 was 29.2 to 34.1% for whites, 40.6 to 46.5% for African-Americans, 29.5 to 35.3% for Asians, and 35.2 to 45.2% for multiracial adults.
  • From 2010 to 2018, the largest increases in sleep deprivation were reported by men, multiracial individuals, older adults, those living in the western U.S., and widowed, divorced, or separated people.

Khubchandani believes that employers should take steps to make sure their workers are getting enough rest.

“Employers have a major responsibility and should use health promotion strategies to ensure that workers who struggle with sleep problems are assisted,” he said. “We all suffer when our bus and truck drivers, doctors, and nurses are sleep deprived.”

Khubchandani also warns that the use of over-the-counter medications may be making life miserable for millions of Americans.

Many of these medications can have side effects, including worsening of insomnia when inappropriately prescribed or used. Even in primary care, insomnia is frequently misreported, ignored, or the treatment could be suboptimal, despite access to standard treatment interventions, he said.

Khubchandani also suggests that from a public health perspective, chronic sleep problems need management by qualified professionals.

“There is a need for increasing awareness and improving the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders,” he said, “and there needs to be emphasis on public education, training for health professionals, and monitoring.”

Coronavirus: Healthcare Workers Most Vulnerable

Coronavirus: Healthcare Workers Most Vulnerable

“While everyone is worried about family, friends, and cases in the community, we ignore a very high risk and vulnerable group,” says Jagdish Khubchandani, a Ball State University health science professor. “Studies have consistently shown that healthcare workers frequently work long hours, don’t practice self-care, lack on hygienic practices, and work while being sick.

“Today, with coronavirus, there are additional challenges such as changing protocol, greater number of emergencies, shortage of medical supplies, and lack of preventive testing and protective equipment. Healthcare workers are at the frontline and often neglected during such times.”

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 Some key tips for healthcare workers:

  1. Practice self-care with good diet, daily exercise, enough sleep, and adding more protein and vitamins to diet.
  2. Buy your own protective equipment and sanitation supplies if not provided by workplace- masks and sanitizers.
  3. Practice frequent hand washing. Preferably, after each encounter with a client or patient.
  4. Hand washing is better than hand sanitizers. Or, practice both. Relying on hand sanitizers where optimum quantity is not used, or quality of sanitizers can be questioned, is not a good practice. Soap and water are highly recommended compared to casual use of sanitizers.
  5. Try to avoid overworking, watch your shifts, and working hours- exhaustion can make you weak and vulnerable to regular flu as well (in addition to the risk of coronavirus).
  6. Avoid personal contact with clients or patients as much as possible. Healthcare workers frequently shake hands, exchange greetings and hugs with clients who may do it out of affection or gratitude- a distant thank you is ok at this time.
  7. Check your own symptoms and signs for any illness (especially, flu like illness). Cough, runny nose, fever, headaches and body pains should not be ignored during this season.
  8. Ensure that coworkers don’t have these signs and symptoms- stay vigilant and help coworkers get care and rest if they have such symptoms. Be firm with colleagues who don’t practice good hygiene such as regular handwashing.
  9. Follow guidelines for clinical practice and personal protection from authentic sources such as CDC.
  10. Ensure that your facility is following best practices for infection control. It is appropriate now to educate colleagues and your managers, even if they are superiors or higher in chain of command (studies also show that most educated in healthcare professions could be least likely to practice personal hygiene).
  11. Disinfect your office and personal space- even if it is not being done by facilities and janitors.
  12. Call on facilities managers and ensure they are following protocols and daily cleaning and sanitation activities are ramped up.
  13. Ensure that clients are not surrounded by too many friends or family members and educate clients on avoiding too many frequent visitors.
  14. Pull up your training manuals and best practice guideline notebooks for infection control and review if needed.

Nutter Butter Flip Flop Cookies – Open House Treats – Recipe

I love participating in open houses, almost as I love getting creative in the kitchen! So when I was asked to bring something to the open house I knew just what I was going to do. Living on the beach is always amazing, I love to sit outside and hear the waves. It is always so calming. When I found out the location of the open house I was excited to bring some fun in the sun cookies to this event!

Nutter Butter Cookies


They are easy to make and yummy and oh so cute!

Take a Nutter Butter cookie and M&M’s and white decorative icing. Make a loop on the cookies and add the M&M and presto. I let it sit out a couple hours before bagging them up.

They got so many compliments and were so easy to make! Enjoy!!



Roses are red, violets are blue, how much money will somebody spend on you…and their other lover?


According to a survey conducted by Finder, 68.2 million Americans (26.77% of the adult population) plan to buy a Valentine’s gift for more than one romantic partner in 2020. Men are more likely than women to be shopping for more than one partner, with 35.50% of men saying they will be purchasing a Valentine gift for more than one romantic partner, compared to 21.03% of women. Talk about spreading the love far and wide this year!


Here are some key highlights from our findings:

  • Americans are planning to spend roughly $50 billion for Valentine’s Day in 2020, with the combination of $19.2 billion on gifts and $30.7 billion on activities
  • Millennials are expected to spend the most on Valentine’s Day gifts and will drop approximately $8.4 billion in 2020
  • Travel is the priciest item on Valentine’s Day, with people expected to spend an average of $299 on a romantic getaway


The full report can be found here:


Below I have included commentary from Gabrielle Pastorek, Shopping Writer for Finder.


Gabrielle Pastorek, Shopping Writer at Finder:


“While I’m a bit surprised at the percentage of people who are buying gifts for more than one romantic partner this Valentine’s Day, I’m not at all shocked that online spending continues to gain more and more traction, even during a holiday where the focus is on traditionally store-bought items like flowers, cards and candies.


It makes sense that Amazon is the most popular retailer for V-Day shopping — free speedy shipping for Prime members makes last-minute online gifting possible like never before. I expect this to be a trend that continues to increase year over year, spanning across all major holidays.


Another relatively new trend we’re seeing across most major holidays is a shift in focus from physical gifts to experience gifts, such as dining out, outdoor adventures and travel. Our stats show that gifts for this Valentine’s Day are following suit, with a huge portion of spending planned for travel bookings.”

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